Posts by Hedy

    Letter sent from Lucerne to Den Haag, disinfected at Arnhem quarantine. The purification was confirmed with the red cachet GEZUIVERD, dimensions 42 X 5 mm.

    Because of the secession of Belgium, Arnhem was also the frontier office for mail from France, from 5 April until 16 July 1832.

    On the upper left side two rows cachet LUCERNE/JUL 4 (1832). In the middle weak cachet SUISSE PAR HUNIGUE applied at Zurich.

    Rhomboid cachet reading "7/A.E/J.F" meaning "affranchie à l'Etranger Jusqu à la Frontière" (lit. postage paid abroad till the border) applied at Huningue border point.

    Charged form the receiver 75 Cents. Can somebody explain the tariff?

    Received 14 July.


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    ALEKSINAC AND SEMLIN (Zemun) disinfection. Letter from Veles (12 September 1856) to Pest sent by Aromanian trade post office, manual annotation on the reverse. It passed through Serbian quarantine in Aleksinac at entrance to Serbia and Austrian quarantine at Semlin on the border Ottoman-Austrian Empires, At Semlin it was transferred to Austrian postal system, cachets: Semlin 17/9, Belgrade 17/9 and Pesth Frűh (early) 19/9. The receiver had to pay nine Kreutzer.

    First disinfection at Aleksinac resealed with red wax: "ALEKSINAC KARANTIN" type 1h, Dr Velizar Kardosh. Semlin second disinfection confirmed with black cachet "SIGILLUM SANITATIS".


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    The document presented here it is from the Direction Quarantine Kalafat and was disinfected with vinegar there before the person left the establishment.

    The document attest that a person was in quarantine for four days, 5-9 October 1849 and it is free to travel to the Craiova city (Walachia).

    Cachet reading KARANTINA KALAFATU was introduced in 1831 and used for nineteen years.

    This is the unique document known from Kalafat quarantine.


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    Entire letter from Hamburg to London, m.s "VIA HOLLAND", 11 November 1831. I believe the letter was disinfected at Deventer, the border for Bremen, Hanover and Hamburg. The "GEZUIVERD" cachet was struck on the reverse as always at that station. On my envelope it measures 39 X 5 mm, which differ from the other descriptions. Three chisel slits, 23 mm long an five punch holes.

    On front also dotted framed "Oz at 6/8, above s d, per oz' applied at London. On reverse London receiver foreign post cachet "FPO/NO 23/1831".

    Does the chisel slits were done at Deventer? Where the punch holes were done?

    Letter sent from Constantinople to Athens. On front CONSTANTINOPLE TURQUIE 5 JUIN. 50 cachet of French Levant Post office and boxed orange-red "PD" (Paye a destination). It was received at Athens on 27 May. Disinfected with two lateral slits on French Paquebots as per Mr. A. Virvilis study.


    Letter from Krain (Carniola) Landrecht (state jurisdiction) at Laibach, Ljubljana, thru Storie, Trieste, Clusone to Tollmezzo, in the province of Udine, 24 April 1832.

    Double disinfection.

    First open and disinfected at Storie, resealed with red wax: "K.K. CONTUMAZ ANSTALT IN STORIE", 21x18 mm.

    Storie, today "Storje" on the border between Trieste and Carniola, now in Slovenia territory, served as a terrestrial sanitary cordon.

    Second disinfection at Trieste

    Disinfected by scorching and struck on front with "Netto di fuori e / Netto di dentro" in red.

    Cachet used 1831-1842

    White discoloration spot where the letter was kept with tongs.

    Ex. Ravasini, described by K. Meyer on page 101 of "DISINFECTED MAIL" without to show photos.

    Queen Anne Royal Proclamation published on November 8, 1711. H.M. ordered quarantine installation on British ports due to Plague, a term used at that time for infectious diseases without knowledge of the causative agents.

    Here the immediate cause was an epidemic that broke out in the Baltic Sea area.

    The Act came after the Quarantine Act of 1710. Dr. K. Mayer did not described any document for 1711. He mentioned the 1721 Act.

    I scan all four pages of the document.

    At a recent auction an interesting letter was sold . Envelope from Bucharest to London, 1839. On front BUKUREST (straight-line of Austrian Post) disinfected at Rothenturn, Austrian quarantine at the border between Valachia and Transylvania, with red wax seal ("ROTHENT.. SIGIL: SANITATIS" with fancy coat-of-arms in centre) and similar blurred black cachet, having two 9th Jan. 1840 cds (of the Last Day of the Uniform 4d Postage Period) of both London Foreign Branch & General Post (partly over-struck) on the side-flap; charged "1/4" incoming foreign postage and then a further "4" (Last Day inland rate for redirection from London to Tunbridge). A nice disinfected piece of postal history.


    In Jerusalem took place the F.I.P World Stamps Championship 2018. It's open the doors on 27th of May and closed on the 31. Three members of DMCS presented exhibits. Mr. Franco Rigo, Venice, the Contagion, the Quarantine, the Disinfection, the Hospitals. It is an outstanding exhibit. Mr Rigo changed the title from previous exhibitions. The exhibit was in front of mine (Prephilately and Foreign Posts in the Danubian Principalities). The third exhibit it is of Mr Guy Dutau. It is fantastic. The title is: French Letters Purified in Metropolitan and Occupied Countries. From the Origin to End of the XIX Century. My exhibit has one and a half frames of disinfected mail. All three got Large Gold. I had a great pleasure to see the exhibits and the results.

    An interesting letter was sold in the last month. The letter was sent from Wallachian part of Fokshani to Bucharest. Some explications are needed. Fokshani was a border city divided between Moldavia and Wallachia. Something similar to Berlin till 1989! A quarantine was settled on 1831 at Cerdac on the Milcov River. This letter was sent fast, with a private message; on top written with Cyrillic letters "messenger, messenger, messenger". The sender was Dr Charles Barrozi*, the physician in charge at Cerdac quarantine 1831-1832. He sent the letter to "CINSTITUL COMITET AL CARANTINELOR" (The Honorable Committee of Quarantines) at Bucharest. On the back the red wax seal reads: "KARANTINA CERDACU FOKSHANI" and the Wallachian Eagle in the center. This is the unique known wax seal of Cerdacu quarantine.

    About Dr Barrozi little is known. In 1832 he asked to be paid 800 lei per month. The Wallachian authorities were ready to pay 400. Nothing it is known about the payment. In 1860 we find him as the Sultan Chief Physician.

    It is a nice collection. Love it. Please be attention with the page "1787 CATTANO". According to Mr. Paolo Vollmeier this cachets are fakes. In "Bolli e Documenti di Sanita" published by A.I.S.P. at page 340 they agreed with Mr. Vollmeier.