03 Cholera, the first pandemic 1817-1826, continued

Virtual Exhibition – John Wettenhall


Comments 3

  • The letter sent from Smyrna to Verviers (1824) needs some attention. The small "Tur" cachet, the shortcut for Turquie, was applied in a few places in the Austrian Empire as Semlin, Hermannnstadt, Czernowitz and Vienna. The late expert Luciano De Zanche wrote a few articles (see Pratique 1998 page 8) and explained in his collection that during the period 1822-1828 the letters sent from Levant thru Austrian post were disinfected at Rothenturn. The cachet "NETTO DI FUORA ET SPORCO DI DENTRO" was applied on letters which were not open. Usually this letters were diplomatic or sent by personalities which had special privileges.
    • Thank you Hedy for these comments. There may be a clue to help localise the site of disinfection, and that is the "TUR" cachet itself. On this letter the "T" is misplaced, presumably a constant finding, but the only other "TUR" that I have is perfectly aligned and is indeed from Semlin, so I may be wrong with my description of this cover. I have not found any others in the gallery so will keep looking. If you have any such evidence I would be very interested to hear of it.
    • The postal rates:

      Austria: “20” Kreuzer CM for a letter from abroad to Austria (to be paid from Bavaria to Austria)

      Bavaria: 36 Kreuzer rheinisch = 9 Gute Groschen

      Prussia: 2 Gute Groschen (9 Gute Groschen + 2 Gute Groschen = 11 Gute Groschen = 16 Stuivers)

      Netherlands: 3 Stuivers (16 Stuivers + 3 Stuivers = 19 Stuivers)

      The receiver had to pay 19 Stuivers.